See below and on our Carbon 14 dating page. The team from the American Museum of Natural History and FSU found "that hadrosaurids actually had six different types of dental tissues -- four more than reptiles and two more than expert mammal grinders Apparently that's your explanation too. From: Allentoft, Morten E. In , Arthur Young submitted two of the figurines to Dr. But some critics remain unconvinced. The Latest. Our research shows that all dinosaur bones tested have Carbon 14 in them which indicated that they are only thousands not millions of years old.


Here, RSR presents the scientific journals reporting, the kinds of biological material found so far, and the dinosaurs yielding up these exciting discoveries:. Here's that one exception, from the second half of a single 60 Minutes broadcast As you view the exciting scientific discoveries below in this chronological catalog, please feel free to listen to Real Science Radio co-hosts Fred Williams and Bob Enyart observe their annual tradition of presenting dinosaur soft tissue and other amazing discoveries including short-lived left-handed amino acids , DNA , and Carbon 14 , all in bones and other specimens from dinosaur-layer Mesozoic and even deeper strata. As for these photos though, North Carolina State University discovered this original biological tissue from a supposedly million-year-old Tyrannosaurus Rex thighbone, with transparent and pliable blood vessels containing red blood cells. See these and other T. In a development, ten leading universities and institutes including Harvard, the University of Manchester, and the University of Pennsylvania published in PLoS One, a peer-reviewed journal, that they had verified that presumed dinosaur material is indeed original biological tissue from a dinosaur! Creationists refer to dinosaurs as missionary lizards for many reasons including: - the short-lived Carbon 14 everywhere including in dinosaur bones - the year half-life of DNA that helps date the actual age of fossils containing dinosaurian genetic material, and - the mostly left-handed amino acids that should be equally right and left-handed if they were "Jurassic", and - the research on Egyptian mummies that established 10, years as an upper limit for how long original biological molecules could survive. Interestingly, the renowned evolutionist PZ Myers ridiculed our Real Science Radio program by repeating what had been a widely-discredited secular hope that the "soft-tissue" dinosaur finds were " biofilm " contamination from bacteria. But as 60 Minutes shows and Bob Enyart sums it up, "This is dinosaur. Yet according to a report in Science Magazine as it relates to the discoveries of dinosaur tissue, scientists calculate the maximum survival time of collagen not in millions but in thousands of years. This allegedly million-year-old non-fossilized duck-billed dinosaur tissue was discovered by a team led by researchers at North Carolina State University. Harvard, et al.

Carbondated dinosaur bones are less than 40, years old. Researchers have found a reason for the puzzling survival of soft tissue and DNA fragments in dinosaur bones - the bones are younger than anyone ever guessed.

Carbon Dinosaur soft tissue carbon dating dating of multiple samples of bone from 8 dinosaurs dinosaur soft tissue carbon dating in Texas, Alaska, Colorado, and Montana revealed that they are only 22, to 39, years old. Since dinosaurs are thought to be over 65 million years old, the news is stunning - and more than some could tolerate. After cargon AOGS-AGU conference in Singapore, the abstract was removed from the conference website by two chairmen because they could not accept the findings.

Unwilling to challenge the data openly, they erased the report from public view without a word to dinosaurr authors. When the authors inquired, they received this letter:.

They did not look at the data and they never spoke with the researchers. They did not like the test results, so they censored them.

Carbon is considered to be a highly reliable dating technique. It's accuracy has been verified by using C to date artifacts whose age is known historically. The fluctuation of the amount of C in the atmosphere over time adds a small uncertainty, but contamination by dinosaur soft tissue carbon dating carbon" such as decayed organic matter from soils poses dinsoaur greater possibility for error.

Thomas Seiler, a physicist from Germany, gave the presentation in Singapore. He said that check this out team and the a mother and daughter they employed took special care to avoid contamination. That included protecting the samples, avoiding cracked areas in the bones, cqrbon meticulous pre-cleaning of the samples with chemicals to remove possible contaminants.

Knowing that small concentrations of collagen can attract contamination, they compared precision Accelerator Mass Spectrometry AMS rating of collagen and bioapatite hard carbonate bone mineral with conventional counting methods of large bone fragments from the same dinosaurs. These, together with many other remarkable concordances between samples from different fossils, geographic regions and stratigraphic positions make random contamination as origin of the C unlikely". The theoretical limit for C dating isyears using AMS, but f datinv practical purposes it is 45, tissue 55, years, depending on the type of equipment.

The half-life of C is years. If dinosaur bones are 65 million years old, there should not be one atom of C left in them. Clearly something is wrong with the conventional carhon about dinosaur bones, but it has been hard tisdue reach the public with the information.

Despite being simple test results without any interpretation, they were not allowed to be presented in conference proceedings by the North American Paleontological Convention, the American Geophysical Union in andthe Geological Society of America in andand by the editors of daring scientific journals.

On one occasion, they were allowed to display a poster. Watch a video of what dinoeaur when you try to get members of the academic community involved. Dinosaur soft tissue.

Many dinosaur bones are not petrified. Mary Schweitzer, paleobiology researcher and professor of biological sciences at North Carolina State University, surprised scientists in when she reported finding soft tissue in dinosaur bones.

She started a firestorm of controversy in and when she reported that she had sequenced proteins in dinosaur bone. Critics charged that the findings were mistaken or that what she called soft tissue was really biofilm produced by bacteria that had entered from outside the bone.

Schweitzer answered the challenge by dinosxur with antibodies. Her report in confirmed the presence of collagen and other proteins that bacteria do not make. Science, Vol. Ina Swedish team found soft tissue and biomolecules in the bones of another creature from the time of the dinosaurs, a Mosasaur, which was a giant lizard that swam dahing shallow ocean waters.

Microspectroscopic Evidence of Tidsue Bone Proteins. A remarkable find was published in the journal Nature in April "we report the discovery of a monotaxic embryonic dinosaur bone bed in Lower Jurassic [ million year old] strata near Dawa, Lufeng County, Yunnan Province, China". The "bone bed is characterized by the presence of completely disarticulated skeletal elements at various stages of embryonic development".

This made it possible to detect the preservation of organic residues, probably direct products of the dinosaaur of complex proteinswithin both the fast-growing embryonic bone tissue and the margins of the vascular spaces. Our results clearly indicate the presence of both apatite and amide peaks within woven embryonic bone tissue, which should not be susceptible to microbial contamination or other post-mortem artefacts. Huang, Eric M.

Embryology of Early Jurassic dinosaur from China with evidence of preserved organic remains. Nature, Vol. The discovery of original organics in an ichthyosaur supposedly million years old Early Jurassic leaves no doubt about the preservation of tissue and biomolecules.

Researchers from North Carolina State University and Sweden's Lund University reported their findings in "Our analyses recovered still-flexible remnants of the original scaleless skin, which comprises morphologically distinct epidermal and dermal layers. These are underlain by insulating blubber that would have augmented streamlining, buoyancy and homeothermy. Additionally, we identify endogenous proteinaceous and lipid constituents, together with keratinocytes and branched melanophores that contain eumelanin pigment.

Soft-tissue evidence for homeothermy and crypsis in a Jurassic ichthyosaur. Schweitzer wondered why such materials are preserved when all the models say they dinosaur soft tissue carbon dating be degraded. She coauthored a paper published in proposing that there is a continue reading for iron in preserving proteins in fossil tissues.

However, iron is not always present in dinosaur soft tissue. Jasmina Wiemann coauthored a paper published in proposing a different solution to the problem: polymerization of proteins in oxidative settings.

A report in Science magazine explained more about these findings, showing that although the protein structure in selected dinosaur bones was changed, their organic material is apparently original. Yet the associated brown and black bones and residues sofr only a portion of the preserved carbbon in dinosaur bones, as described by Brian Thomas.

For years, until their access was blocked, the Paleochronology group had AMS laboratories conduct Carbon tests on dinosaur bones. The tests yielded dates article source the range of 22, to 39, years before present.

Dinosaur DNA fragments. From the March news release "Researchers from the Chinese Dinosaur soft tissue carbon dating of Sciences and North Carolina State University have found evidence of preserved fragments of proteins and apparent chromosomes within isolated cell-like microstructures in cartilage from a baby duckbilled dinosaur.

The findings further support the idea that these original molecules can persist for tens of millions of years. This is significant because collagen II is found only in cartilage, while collagen I dominates in bone. Schweitzer noted that "bacteria cannot produce collagen, which rules out contamination as the source of the molecules. March 2, North Carolina State University news release.

From the published paper cant connect to matchmaking server cs nesting ground yielding dozens of disarticulated nestlings assigned to the herbivorous duck-billed dinosaur Hypacrosaurus stebingeri was discovered in the s in the Upper Cretaceous Campanian Two Medicine Formation of northern Montana.

The "study specimen had not been previously embedded caarbon resin. Because extant primary cartilage does not usually express collagen I, no binding was expected, and none was observed in Collagen II is not produced by microbes; positing a datign source is not parsimonious or with the data.

Therefore, dinoasur PI staining cannot arise from contamination with living i. It is sequence dependent requiring at least three successive AT [Adenine-Thymine] base pairs datinh a binding site.

Dinosair not only supports that the compound within these cells is chemically consistent with DNA, but that material is double stranded, and of a minimum length of 6 base pairs. Even though it is clear that contamination does exist in fossil material and complicates identifications of original dinosahr molecules, it can be accounted for cabron proper controls. Contamination is not a plausible explanation in this case". Horner, Brian K. Hall, Casey M. Holliday, Mary H.

Advance access publication, 12 January Evidence of proteins, chromosomes and chemical markers of DNA in exceptionally preserved dinosaur cartilage. National Science Review, 8 pages. Michael J. He believes the DNA is from bacteria, ignoring the staining test that and confirmed dating chanyeol nana a bacterial source by binding to DNA fragments in isolated cartilage cells, but he did say something useful: "Those studying what they believe to be ancient DNA are now careful to decontaminate their samples and work in ddinosaur conditions.

But we now also know that DNA molecules break down very easily and will typically survive only a few years. Hundred-year-old samples of DNA from museum specimens are massively fragmented and the datihg of their molecular structure continues rapidly.

DNA from fossils maybe 50, years old can be reconstructed from millions of short fragments. The oldest such samples areyears old - a long way from the 66 million tool dating assessment of the last dinosaurs. A study supports that conclusion, showing that, even under ideal conditions, all mitochondrial DNA bonds would be broken by 6. These results provide a baseline for predicting long-term DNA survival in bone. From: Allentoft, Morten E.

The half-life dinsaur DNA in bone: measuring decay kinetics in dated fossils. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Tissye.

Looking at the table, we immediately go to the 6. But that is only if the preservation temperature is minus 5 degrees Celsius. The current global surface temperature is around The chart below shows that, in the geologic time scale since the end of the Cretaceous, the global surface temperature was 25 degrees Celsius or rissue for many millions of years. That's a different line on the table. The preservation of dinosaur soft tisue and DNA fragments points to dinosaur bones being tens of thousands, not tens of millions, years old, tiissue the geologic time scale.

So do the Carbon tests:. Dinodaur Data: Carbon in dinosaur bones download more details. Dinosaur a. C Years Idnosaur. USA State. Baugh and G.